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28
JiggsawCalrissian 28 points ago +28 / -0

Full force right into the ministry of truth

1984 was an instruction manual

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TripleBlack 19 points ago +19 / -0

Only takes 25 years for an armed population to descend into being locked for 14 years for "embarrassing government officials".

Never disarm yourself. Never.

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Shazxofshadilay 17 points ago +17 / -0

"Just don't embarrass them." 🤓

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Bartcarsonstrading 13 points ago +13 / -0

So journalists that call out governments will go to jail.

Nothing communist about that.

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TwistedTrees 10 points ago +10 / -0

Sorry, this is long. Proof that what we are facing now has gone on from before we became the US of A. First 2 paragraphs is a summary. Some interesting history from the beginnings of the United States. Royal Governor William Cosby, my scumbag 8th great-grandfather, was actually part of the reason our country now has freedom of the press due to his attacks on John Peter Zenger, a printer. Bribery, coverups/censoring, rigged elections, stupidity, jail time, political war - the story from 1733 reads very similar to what is going on today. People did get their revenge. Cosby was first buried in the walls of the fort at the tip of Manhattan Island, with the refuse. Was later dug up and is now buried at St. Paul's Churchyard in NY.

Zenger was charged with seditious libel. In England and in the colonies, truth was not a defense against the libel of a public official. Indeed, since the relationship between the king and those who ruled in his name and their subjects was the same as between a master and a servant, the law held that truth only made matters worse! The axiom of the day was, "The greater the truth, the greater the libel."

More for those interested: https://history.nycourts.gov/case/crown-v-zenger/

The iwosc article link below is no longer available online, nor is another link I had from harwich.edu - an article by Caitlin Capistron.

Independent Writers of Southern California (IWOSC)

http://www.iwosc.org/showcases/mwolf.html

John Peter Zenger and Freedom of the Press by Marvin J. Wolf

Marvin J. Wolf, president of IWOSC, delivered this speech during Banned Library Books Week in 1995.

William Cosby was a coward and a thief. He was fairly stupid, he was a bully and he rigged elections. He also fired officials without authority, plundered treasuries and swindled property owners. He manipulated legislators and judges with bribes of money and position.

But Cosby was also Governor of New York, a relative by marriage and close friend of the Queen of England. His patrons included a powerful earl and an influential duke. Cosby's superiors in London, the Foreign Office, soon learned of his chicanery and tomfoolery and downright stupidity. They quickly decided to protect him at all costs and by whatever means necessary. To do otherwise would be to admit they'd made a mistake by sending him in the first place.

There was only one man in the New York of 1733, who had the means to stop Cosby. His name was John Peter Zenger, and he owned and operated the colony's only independent printing press. Zenger was born in Germany's Rhine region in 1697. When he was 13, his parents brought him to New York and apprenticed him to William Bradford, the best printer in New York. The only printer in New York. Zenger left Bradford in 1719 as a journeyman printer and wandered around the colonies for three years trying to find a place to start his own business. Eventually he returned to New York, and after a brief partnership with Bradford--they published one book together--he struck out on his own.

Since Bradford held all the government printing contracts, including all official documents for the Governor, the New York Colony Assembly and the city Council, and since he made a good living from this, he would print nothing that might displease his patrons. New York's sole newspaper, the Gazette, was printed on his press. It was the semi-official publication of the Governor's office and controlled by his appointee.

That left Zenger to get by with printing religious tracts and pamphlets written by people who had something to say that Bradford would not dare to print, especially people who wished to criticize the Church of England or the government. So when some prominent New Yorkers decided to start a newspaper dedi cated to exposing the crimes and foibles of Governor Cosby, it was to Zenger they went.

Zenger was not much of a writer--he never grasped the full subtlety of his adopted language, English. But that didn't matter: Even then, there were plenty of eloquent writers in New York, and plenty who had things to say about Cosby and his Court Party followers. In October 1733, Cosby tried to rig an election in Westchester County and not only got caught but failed to get his surrogate elected to the Assembly. This heavy-handed episode triggered a political war, the Court Party against the new Popular Party, which was led by James Alexander, Rip Van Dam and Lewis Morris, chief justice of the Supreme Court until Cosby illegally had him removed.

The voice of the new Popular Party was the weekly Journal, anonymously edited by Alexander and printed by Zenger. By the time its first issue was printed, most people in New York were all too aware of Cosby's private arrogance and his public avarice. The Journal not only confirmed the details of the Governor's misdeeds, along with those of his appointees, it also printed opinion about a new concept: a free press. In this it became an entirely new kind of newspaper for America, its content ingeniously shifting between news stories of government misconduct and essays explaining the theory that justified such exposes.

Cosby reacted predictably. Twice he tried to force the grand jury to issue indictments of Zenger so he could be arrested for libel. Twice the grand jurors refused.

Infuriated, Cosby ordered the public hangman to seize all copies of the Journal and burn them. This was plainly illegal and the hangman, who was also the city Recorder, refused. A scoundrel named Francis Harison--not incidentally the Governor's unofficial censor and also editor of the rival Gazette--went to Zenger's shop, confiscated all copies of the Journal and burned them on the steps of City Hall.

All of these acts were immediately reported and commented upon in the next issue of the Journal. While Cosby knew perfectly well that Zenger was not the author of these attacks, he had no way to reach Alexander and the others who did the actual writing. So he struck back at the only person he could: Zenger was arrested and his bail set so high that even his friends and supporters, among them some of the richest men in New York, were unable to raise it. Zenger remained behind bars for nine months, awaiting trial. The Journal, however, resumed printing by the hand of Zenger's wife, Anna Catherine, and missed but one issue.

Zenger was charged with seditious libel. In England and in the colonies, truth was not a defense against the libel of a public official. Indeed, since the relationship between the king and those who ruled in his name and their subjects was the same as between a master and a servant, the law held that truth only made matters worse! The axiom of the day was, "The greater the truth, the greater the libel."

So when Zenger finally had his day in court, the jury's only role was to decide if he had indeed printed the libelous material. The question of whether it defamed the Governor or not was left to the judge.

The judge was James Delancey, a staunch Cosby supporter who had been appointed by the Governor as Chief Justice to replace Lewis Morris, leader of the Popular Party. When Zenger's lawyers, James Alexander--editor of the Journal --and William Smith, challenged Delancey's right to preside over the trial, Delancey immediately had both disbarred.

This left Zenger without counsel. Andrew Hamilton, a brilliant orator regarded as the best lawyer in the colonies, rose from his Philadelphia sickbed and journeyed to New York by carriage as quickly as muddy spring roads would allow. Unprepared for this case, Hamilton wisely followed the strategy laid out by Alexander. When he argued Zenger's case before the jury, he said that the jury had the right, if it chose to assert it, to decide both the law and facts.

Then he went on to argue that truth MUST be a defense against libel: "IF LIBEL IS UNDERSTOOD IN THE UNLIMITED SENSE URGED BY THE ATTORNEY GENERAL, THERE IS SCARCE A WRITING I KNOW THAT MAY NOT BE CALLED A LIBEL OR SCARCE A PERSON SAFE FROM BEING CALLED TO ACCOUNT AS A LIBELER. MOSES, MEEK AS HE WAS, LIBELED CAIN--AND WHO IS IT THAT NOT LIBELED THE DEVIL?"

In summation, said Hamilton, "The question before the court and you, gentlemen of the jury, is not of small or private concern. It is not the case of one poor printer which you are now trying. NO! It may in its consequences affect every free man in America. It is the best cause. It is the cause of liberty ... your upright conduct this day will not only entitle you to the love and esteem of your fellow citizens-- every man who prefers freedom to slavery will bless and honor you ... as men who have baffled the attempt of tyranny and by an impartial and uncorrupt verdict have laid a noble foundation for securing for ourselves, our posterity and our neighbors that to which nature and the laws of our country have given us a right: The liberty of both exposing and opposing arbitrary power by speaking and writing the truth."

It took the jury only a few minutes to return a verdict: Not guilty. Hamilton, who had refused a fee, was the toast of New York.

Thus was established in America the principle that in matters of libel the jury is the judge of both the law and the facts. Upon this judgement now rests the entire publishing industry in this country.

Governor William Cosby died in office a few years after Zenger was freed. His legacy, however, lives on in this country. There are today people of some authority in almost every community who take offense at something published in a book--all too often, things they have not even read for themselves--and who by masquerading as guardians of public morals, seek to have these writings destroyed and those who published them ruined. I am here today to say that, like Peter Zenger and Andrew Hamilton and James Alexander, I am NOT willing to let today's Cosbys decide what citizens may choose to read.

Before Andrew Hamilton's death, he designed the building that is now known as Independence Hall. That structure, like the decision in the Zenger case, still stands.

1
Phishhed44 1 point ago +1 / -0

Thank you for this. Fascinating .

0
justmadethisacc7725 0 points ago +1 / -1

Can you tldr the significance of your wall of text? I’m thoroughly confused

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TwistedTrees 5 points ago +5 / -0

Sorry for the wall of text. Was trying to point out how the same kind of control freaks and dishonest government we had back then, are still doing the same kind of controlling today. History repeats itself. The OP was about how journalists could be imprisoned for saying "embarrassing" things about the English/UK government. This is how it was almost 300 years ago when our country was under the control of England and their "Royal Governors". Governments and royals don't want "reporters" airing the dirty laundry.

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Camden105b 1 point ago +1 / -0

It was one of the “Turnings” that we are also currently in. About every 80 years—Revolutionary War, Civil War, WW2, and now. Historic times.

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ThiccusDickus 9 points ago +10 / -1

I remember the left having a hissy fit when Trump banned lil Jim from press conferences because lil Jim couldn't respect common etiquettes when waiting his turn. It wasn't even a ban against his network - just Jim. Muh freedom of the press, as they say. Where are they now, when journalists aren't just denied the right to write, but could be JAlLED for daring to publish?

And if people still don't see this as unfair, think about it. They get to smear the people all they want, day and night. The moment the spotlight is on them, however, all of a sudden it's illegal?

3
wwg1wg69 3 points ago +4 / -1

The left in the UK actually ARE throwing a hissyfit about this. The people in the pics are from the right wing party and the government in power is the right wing party in the UK

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Choctaw 10 points ago +11 / -1

Boris is about as right wing as Romney

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ThiccusDickus 1 point ago +1 / -0

The more you know! Glad to know they defaulted to a sensible position for once. Now do they see why censorship bad.

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deleted 5 points ago +5 / -0
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SuckaFree 4 points ago +4 / -0

Ghey. Embarrassing the govt is a God given Right. It's what keeps them honest. But there should be laws for pols who embarrass their people.

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Lupinate 4 points ago +4 / -0

God's teeth.... 🇬🇧 Is just embarrassing itself now.

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SFAM1A 3 points ago +3 / -0

They've been doing that for a looooong time.

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ThirstyLibertyTree 4 points ago +4 / -0

Theres plenty of lamp posts in England.

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colonial113 3 points ago +3 / -0

But this needs to be abolished once we will be out of the government!

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MyDaughtersDaddy 1 point ago +1 / -0

Seems the government embarrasses itself and then think that punishing the messenger who points out the government's actions is the solution. Wouldn't the government not doing stupid shit be better?

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Hakencruze1 1 point ago +1 / -0

Panic in Westminster , the cabal are firing off all of their ammo

1
Camden105b 1 point ago +1 / -0

This is why our Founding Fathers put the Freedom of Speech which includes the press and religion in the FIRST AMENDMENT!

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Wishiwastrumpswife 1 point ago +1 / -0

Because the government can do whatever the fuck they want with absolutely no repercussions for their actions.

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Phishhed44 1 point ago +1 / -0

Pravda approves this message.